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Overnight Markets: Healthcare and bank stocks lift Wall Street

Citiwyre Money - Mié, 01/10/2018 - 04:52
Boeing was the biggest boost for the Dow with a 2.4% increase, after it said it delivered 763 jetliners in 2017.
Categorías: Noticias economicas

Correlaciones Categorías (Diciembre 2017)

Noticias de Morningstar - Mar, 01/09/2018 - 21:08
Cada mes construiremos para usted tres tablas de correlaciones entre las principales categorías de fondos
Categorías: Articulos sobre fondos

Correlaciones Sectores (Agosto 2017)

Noticias de Morningstar - Mar, 01/09/2018 - 21:08
Cada mes construimos para usted tres tablas de correlaciones entre las principales categorías de fondos
Categorías: Articulos sobre fondos

Correlaciones Categorías (Agosto 2017)

Noticias de Morningstar - Mar, 01/09/2018 - 21:08
Cada mes construiremos para usted tres tablas de correlaciones entre las principales categorías de fondos
Categorías: Articulos sobre fondos

¿Bonos o cash?

Noticias de Morningstar - Mar, 01/09/2018 - 21:08
Con unos tipos de interés tan bajos y unas pobres perspectivas de rentabilidad, ¿deberían los inversores invertir en bonos o en cash?
Categorías: Articulos sobre fondos

FTSE hits fresh high as Morrisons delivers cheer

Citywire new-model-adviser - Mar, 01/09/2018 - 17:45
FTSE 100 notches up another record closing high, buoyed by retail stocks after a strong Christmas update from Morrisons.
Categorías: Noticias economicas

FTSE hits fresh high as Morrisons delivers cheer

Citywire wealth-manager - Mar, 01/09/2018 - 17:45
FTSE 100 notches up another record closing high, buoyed by retail stocks after a strong Christmas update from Morrisons.
Categorías: Noticias economicas

FTSE hits fresh high as Morrisons delivers cheer

Citiwyre Money - Mar, 01/09/2018 - 17:45
FTSE 100 notches up another record closing high, buoyed by retail stocks after a strong Christmas update from Morrisons.
Categorías: Noticias economicas

5 Hot Takes From CES Unveiled

Morningstar Noticias (Ingles) - Mar, 01/09/2018 - 17:30
The PitchBook team looks at five emerging tech trends from CES.
Categorías: Articulos sobre fondos

Investors eye 8,000 as FTSE 100 records tumble

Citiwyre Money - Mar, 01/09/2018 - 16:58
'As goes January, so goes the year,' says the adage. As FTSE 100 records continue to tumble, investors will be eyeing an attack on 8,000.
Categorías: Noticias economicas

How the U.S. Stock Market is Unique

http://awealthofcommonsense.com - Mar, 01/09/2018 - 15:39
Home country bias is when investors have the tendency to invest mostly in their own domestic markets. A simple reason for this is familiarity (and in many countries a lack of opportunity to invest elsewhere). But many investors who have a home country bias don’t understand how the different regions of the world differ in terms of their market structure and composition. In this piece I wrote for Bloomberg I use South...

The story behind Nutmeg's rise to £1 billion

Citywire wealth-manager - Mar, 01/09/2018 - 15:28
Nutmeg reached the £1 billion AuM milestone at the end of last year. We highlight 20 key dates from the online wealth firm's rise.
Categorías: Noticias economicas

Marketing to marathons: eight advisers' resolutions for 2018

Citywire new-model-adviser - Mar, 01/09/2018 - 15:22
Eight IFAs tell New Model Adviser® their business and personal goals for the New Year, from achieving chartered status to helping local charities, keeping fit and training recruits.
Categorías: Noticias economicas

Football stars sue over another film scheme

Citywire wealth-manager - Mar, 01/09/2018 - 15:03
Investors including ex Premier League footballers are suing Scion Films over losses on tax schemes for films including Atonement and Mr Bean's Holiday.
Categorías: Noticias economicas

New cryptocurrency offer aims to 'revolutionise' charity sector

Citywire wealth-manager - Mar, 01/09/2018 - 14:28
Giftcoin aims to 'revolutionise' the charity sector through blockchain technology
Categorías: Noticias economicas

The Year in Bond Funds -- 2017

Morningstar Noticias (Ingles) - Mar, 01/09/2018 - 13:00
Despite monetary and fiscal policy adjustments, bond markets remained steady for 2017, providing a subtle encore to the prior year’s risk-on fervor.
Categorías: Articulos sobre fondos

The Patterns That Weren’t There

https://ofdollarsanddata.com - Mar, 01/09/2018 - 12:56
Why Signals Are Hard to Identify and What to Do About ItOil Spill in Skagway, Alaska (Photo: Wikimedia Commons)

It was the beginning of 1959 and something was not quite right with John Nash. The famed mathematician, who would eventually go on to win the Nobel Prize in Economics for his work on game theory, was having a mental breakdown.

What started with innocent jokes about finding patterns in licenses plates progressed into a full-fledged belief that extraterrestrials were sending him decoded messages through the New York Times. At one point, Nash also became convinced that more men around Boston were wearing red neckties to get him to notice them. He was seeing patterns that weren’t there.

Though no one knows why approximately 1 percent of the population in all countries develop schizophrenia, seeing patterns between non-related things (the technical term is Apophenia) is a common symptom. You may already know Nash’s story from A Beautiful Mind, but understanding why Nash believed what he did provides an important lesson for investors.

In late 1995, following his recovery from schizophrenia, Nash was asked why he believed so many illogical things in his past. Nash’s answer revealed a core truth about how humans perceive patterns:

The ideas I had about the supernatural beings came to me the same way that my mathematical ideas did. So I took them seriously.

This is the problem that you, I, and every other human on Earth are born with — we have no faulty pattern detector. Just like John Nash couldn’t discern between reality and the spurious patterns he saw, we cannot easily tell the difference between a signal and noise. This limitation did not hinder us in a world of small sample sizes and no need for probabilistic thinking, however, the modern world has changed all of that.

For example, in ancient times, if you spotted a tiger in the same cave three times, you probably wouldn’t go near that cave in the future. Today, if a mutual fund has outperformed for three years in a row, you might send them all your money. Different times, but similar thinking.

This matters for you as an investor, because you may end up making investment decisions based on seeing patterns that are nothing more than random chance. Many investors tend to chase performance by investing in those funds/sectors with the best recent track record. However, there is plenty of evidence that doing so typically leads to worse performance in the long run (see here, here, here, and here).

The thing that many investors tend to forget is that randomness will always exhibit some patterns. In fact, the British mathematician Frank P. Ramsey proved mathematically that no matter how complicated you make a system, as it grows in size it will have to show some substructure. This is known as Ramsey’s theorem and illustrates why patterns exist within randomness.

To make this idea clearer, consider the following two sequences of 10 coin flips:

  1. HHHHHHHHHH
  2. THTTHTHHTH

Which sequence is more likely?

If you have ever studied statistics you will know that this is a trick question — both sequences are equally likely. I know that this answer doesn’t feel right, but that is the point of this post. It seems rational to assume that sequence 2 is more random than sequence 1 because it exhibits less of a pattern. After all, if someone came up to you and flipped 10 heads in a row, you would start to question whether their coin was rigged, right? However, sequence 2 has the same probability of occurring as sequence 1 (1 in 1,024).

If we imagined flipping a coin 400 times and plotting it on a 20x20 grid, you might see some smaller patterns though the sequence is completely random (Note: red = tails, black = heads):

My point is that many of the financial decisions you make throughout the rest of your life will be dominated by small sample sizes where randomness will likely play a role. If you combine this with the recency bias (i.e. the tendency to overweight the most recent information), you can see how short term patterns could affect your financial decision making. Therefore, before you make a financial decision, consider how chance could be influencing your decision.

The Disguise of Randomness

One of my professors in college used to do a wonderful exercise that beautifully illustrated the nature of randomness. He would give someone a coin and a sheet of paper and then ask them to do two things in private:

  1. Write down what they thought a sequence of 20 coin flips would look like.
  2. After doing step 1, flip the real coin 20 times and write down the actual sequence of flips elsewhere.

Within seconds of being shown the two sequences, my professor could always tell which came from the real coin and which was simulated. How did he do this?

My professor realized that people tend to switch back and forth between heads and tails too quickly in their simulations, while the real coin typically wouldn’t. Most people think that seeing 4 or more heads (or tails) in a row seems un-random so they balance their simulated sequence out with more tails (or heads). Ironically, this behavior makes their sequence less random and easier to identify when compared to the real coin sequence.

I loved this exercise because it demonstrated how randomness likes to disguise itself with patterns. While it will always be a challenge to identify this disguise, it doesn’t mean we shouldn’t try. Thank you for reading!

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This is post 54. Any code I have related to this post can be found here with the same numbering: https://github.com/nmaggiulli/of-dollars-and-data

Disclaimer

The above references an opinion and is for information purposes only. It is not intended to be investment advice. Seek a duly licensed professional for investment advice. The postings on this site are my own and do not necessarily reflect the views of my employer. Please read my “About” page for more information.

OfDollarsAndData.com is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com and affiliated sites.

The Patterns That Weren’t There was originally published in Of Dollars And Data on Medium, where people are continuing the conversation by highlighting and responding to this story.

British Steel: the story behind an advice rescue mission

Citywire new-model-adviser - Mar, 01/09/2018 - 12:36
Elliot Smith speaks to the band of IFAs who visited Port Talbot before Christmas to help steelworkers who could have been given unsuitable pension transfer advice.
Categorías: Noticias economicas

Terry Smith bags £8m as Fundsmith profit rockets

Citywire new-model-adviser - Mar, 01/09/2018 - 12:33
Profit at Terry Smith's investment firm more than quadrupled in 2017 to £14.2 million as assets under management surged beyond £10 billion.
Categorías: Noticias economicas

Terry Smith bags £8m as Fundsmith profit rockets

Citywire wealth-manager - Mar, 01/09/2018 - 12:33
Profit at Terry Smith's investment firm more than quadrupled in 2017 to £14.2 million as assets under management surged beyond £10 billion.
Categorías: Noticias economicas

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